A paper published in the journal Nature drew the attention of international scientific community on April 25, 1953. James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin and several colleagues had uncovered the structure of the DNA and its double-helix characteristic form. This scientific discovery marked a turning point in genetics. In fact, Watson, Crick and Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

From that moment on, new researches and studies were launched in order to explore the opportunities and new fields where this discovery could be applied. Almost 40 years later, the US Senate and the House of Representatives declared 25th April as the National DNA Day. However, since this first edition is the National Human Genome Research Institute which runs the organization in United States.

In the last few years, the celebration was become more widespread all over the world. The Chinese company BIT even organize a congress dedicated to DNA Day, so far eight editions have taken place. In Spain, several hospitals, public institutions and private companies coordinated by the Spanish Association of Human Genetics organize several activities whose goal is to offer students, teachers and the public an opportunity to learn about the latest advances in genomic research and explore how those advances might impact their lives.

DNA Day serves as a reminder of the importance of genetics for our health. Into our genes, doctors find a lot of valuable information for positive steps we need to take in order to protect our cells, tissues and organs. Heading for a patient-defined medicine, a whole knowledge will let professionals personalize treatments and therapies to improve our life.