One out of every three deaths that occurs each year in developed countries is linked to CVD, making them one of the leading causes of mortality in the world. Obesity, a poor diet, smoking, the lack of exercise or the frenetic lifestyle are some of the main factors of its spectacular growth in recent decades. In Spain, for example, according to the latest National Health Survey published by the Ministry of Health, CVD affects almost 20% of adults, of which approximately 125,000 die each year.
March 14th is the European Day for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Risk, making society aware of the importance of preventing CVD. The World Health Organization estimates that by simply modifying some of our habits, we would able to reduce 80% of the deaths caused by these pathologies. In order to protect our hearts, most experts point out that the first step is to follow a healthy diet, which includes the consumption of cereals, fresh vegetables and legumes, to limit the consumption of sugars, alcohol and animal proteins, or to eat Nuts without salt added as a nutritional option.
It’s also important to consider incorporating tests related to the measurement of telomeres to define the overall cellular health of an individual. This is a key biomarker in the early identification of a disease, because it is a relevant tool for risk stratification. In addition, through an initial measurement, it is possible to carry out actions to limit cell damage in the future. The goal is to make changes: in lifestyle, diet or in the impact of the environment in which our patients develop their daily activities. This is a decisive step for us to begin to control some critical risk factors for the onset of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes or stress management.